Why did employment and earnings rise among lone mothers during the 1980s and 1990s?

Cover of: Why did employment and earnings rise among lone mothers during the 1980s and 1990s? |

Published by Statistics Canada, Analytical Studies Branch in Ottawa .

Written in English

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Subjects:

  • Single mothers -- Employment -- Canada -- Statistics.,
  • Wages -- Working mothers -- Canada -- Statistics.,
  • Mères de famille monoparentale -- Travail -- Canada -- Statistiques.,
  • Salaires -- Mères au travail -- Canada -- Statistiques.

Edition Notes

Book details

Statementby John Myles ... [et al.].
SeriesResearch paper series / Analytical Studies -- no. 282, Analytical Studies research paper series -- no. 282, Research paper series (Statistics Canada. Analytical Studies Branch) -- no. 282.
ContributionsMyles, John, 1943-, Statistics Canada. Analytical Studies Branch., Statistics Canada. Business and Labour Market Analysis Division.
The Physical Object
Pagination28, [14] p. :
Number of Pages28
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL20902916M
ISBN 100662434528

Download Why did employment and earnings rise among lone mothers during the 1980s and 1990s?

Employment rates and earnings among single mothers improved significantly afterand bylow-income rates reached new historic lows. Unlike married mothers, most of the gains among lone mothers were the result of the dynamics of population change and cohort replacement as the large and better educated baby boom generation replaced earlier cohorts and began entering.

Downloadable. Employment rates and earnings among single mothers improved significantly afterand bylow-income rates reached new historic lows. Unlike married mothers, most of the gains among lone mothers were the result of the dynamics of population change and cohort replacement as the large and better educated baby boom generation replaced earlier cohorts and.

Employment rates and earnings among Canadian lone mothers have improved significantly since Using microdata from the Census of Canada, we show that these changes were mainly Why did employment and earnings rise among lone mothers during the 1980s and 1990s?

book result of Cited by: Why Did Employment and Earnings Rise Among Lone Mothers During the s and s. by John Myles*, Feng Hou**, Garnett Picot*** and Karen Myers**** 11FMIE No.

ISSN: ISBN: Business and Labour Market Analysis 24 -F, R.H. Coats Building Tunney's Pasture Driveway, Ottawa, K1A 0T6. Employment rates and earnings among Canadian lone mothers have improved significantly since Using microdata from the Census of Canada, we show that these changes were mainly the result of two major demographic developments: the postwar revolution in women's educational attainment, and the aging of the "baby boom" which amplified the effect of rising levels of educational Cited by: why did employment and earnings rise among lone mothers in canada during the s and s.

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content. Employment rates and earnings among single mothers improved significantly afterand bylow-income rates reached new historic lows.

Unlike married mothers, most of the gains among lone mothers were the result of the dynamics of population change and cohort replacement as the large and better educated baby boom generation replaced.

The gap separating the most affluent Americans from the poor and middle class grew wider during the s in all but a handful of states, with California near the top of the list, according to a.

mothers). Figure 1 shows an increase in the participation rate of lone mothers in the late s, with a particularly sharp rise for never married mothers after the mids; their participation rate now slightly exceeds that of married mothers.

Lone mother families have high poverty rates. Inthe rate for. Why Did Employment and Earnings Rise among Lone Mothers in Canada during the s and s. Stephen Ferris and Stanley L.

Winer Just How Much Bigger Is Government in Canada. A Comparative Analysis of the Size and Structure of the Public Sectors in Canada and the United States, Agata Antkiewicz and John Whalley. Driveway, Ottawa, K1A 0T6 Why Did Employment and Earnings Rise Among Lone Mothers During the s and s.

By John Myles, Feng Hou, Garnett Picot and Karen MyersJohn Myles, Feng Hou, Garnett Picot and Karen Myers. Abstract. How to obtain more information Year: OAI identifier. This factor may also have a one-time effect on the economic outcomes for lone mothers." Rising educational attainment may not be a source of economic gains for lone mothers in the future as it was in the past.

The research paper is titled, Why did employment and earnings rise among lone mothers during the s and s. BibTeX @MISC{Myles06driveway,ottawa, author = {John Myles and Feng Hou and Garnett Picot and Karen Myers and John Myles and Feng Hou and Garnett Picot and Karen Myers}, title = {Driveway, Ottawa, K1A 0T6 Why Did Employment and Earnings Rise Among Lone Mothers During the s and s.

by}, year = {}}. Why Did Employment and Earnings Rise among Lone Mothers in Canada during the s and s. John Myles, Feng Hou, Garnett Picot and Karen Myers Just How Much Bigger Is Government in Canada. A Comparative Analysis of the Size and Structure of the Public Sectors in Canada and the United States, ­ pp.

Downloadable. The results of this study largely confirm the results of the author's previous study (Kapsalis, ). In fact, one of the two regression models estimated here produced an identical coefficient for the effect of social assistance benefits on the employment rate of lone mothers -- i.e.

each $1, of an increase in social assistance benefit rates (expressed in dollars) was. below the participation rate of mothers with school-aged () children. Notably, since the late s, the latter has converged to that of women of working age with no children under the age of This highlights the importance of recognizing the interrupted or non-linear career path of mothers with young children, and the opportunity available.

Shannon () examines the rise in Canadian lone-mother employment rates during the s. He found that the increased lone- mother employment rate was partly due to changes in income-support. Indeed, workers with four years of college or more have seen a slightly larger increase in the instability of their incomes than did workers with only a high school education.

The rise among more-educated workers, however, mostly occurred in the s and after, whereas family income volatility rose sharply in the s among less-educated workers. Despite this recent decline, the employment rate among single mothers remains considerably higher than it was in the mids.

Between andsingle mothers’ employment rates increased for several reasons, including a booming economy, expanded assistance for working families, and a variety of welfare-to-work policies.

female lone-parent families from the effects of the recession that began in 1 Statistics Canada. Income in Canada, and editions.

Catalogue no. XWE. 2 John Myles, Feng Hou, Garnett Picot and Karen Myers. “Why Did Employment and Earnings Rise Among Lone Mothers During the s and s?”. This paper assesses the role played by changes in economic growth, employment earnings, and government transfers in the patterns of low-income intensity in Canada during the s and the s.

The temporary drop in employment rates was especially strong among the medium educated, from 75% in the late s to 58% in the early s. Among the tertiary educated, employment rates have generally been higher, but those with a vocational college education had weaker labour market prospects than those with a university education and were.

By the late s, the socio-economic profile of black America had changed considerably. About 51 percent of all black employees sixteen years old and over were classified as white-collar workers. Approximately 60 percent of these were white-collar sales and clerical personnel; many in this group were non-union workers with limited benefits and.

• Poverty rates rose sharply after the recession in the early s and again in the early s, reaching a high of % in Garnett Picot and Karen Myers (), “Why Did Employment and Earnings Rise Among Lone Mothers During the s and s?” and others demonstrated that the earnings gap during the first few years in.

The best estimates are that only about 15 percent of the decline is due to welfare reform, the rest to the significant expansion of low-wage work during the s. Furthermore, about half of the 15 percent was due to excluding families from welfare – both diversion and sanctions have been widespread. The number of births and deaths among American Indians did not change dramatically between and How would you explain the 72 percent rise in their population during this same time period.

More people began to think of themselves as American Indian and reported themselves to. Poverty rates among female householders are high. These rates, however, have trended downward since the early s.

What has increased is the number of female householders in the economy. The percentage of births to unmarried mothers is five times higher today than in One in ten children lives with a single parent who has never married.

We conclude that family after-tax-income inequality was stable across the s, but rose during the to period. Why did employment and earnings rise among lone mothers during the most of the gains among lone mothers were the result of the dynamics of population change and cohort replacement as the large and better educated.

Britain had a growing problem of ‘household worklessness’ through the s, but there was a turning point during the s. Since then, overall employment has risen, and in a way that has been especially helpful in increasing the number of households with at least one worker (e.g.

due to rises in employment rates among single parents). Rising income inequality began in the s, though the pace picked up in the s. Other Census Bureau data show that the poorest 20 percent. Why did employment and earnings rise among lone mothers in Canada during the s and s.

Canadian Public Policy: 33(2): Marshall, Katherine. Converging gender roles. Perspectives on Labour and Income: 18(3): Marshall, Katherine. Father’s use of. (6) John Myles, Feng Hou, Garnett Picot and Karen Myers, "Why Did Employment and Earnings Rise among Lone Mothers in Canada during the s and s?", Canadian Public Policy, Vol.

23, No. 2 (), pp. Since the industrial revolution, participation of women in the workforce outside of the home has increased in industrialized nations, with particularly large growth seen in the 20th century.

Largely seen as a boon for industrial society, women in the workforce contribute to a higher national economic output as measure in GDP as well as decreasing labor costs by increasing the labor supply in a. The proportion of working moms in the United States has gone up a whopping percent sinceaccording to a new analysis bythe genealogy that year, percent of mothers were in the workforce, according to the examination of U.S.

Census records, compared with 67 percent in the Census. Almost 25% of Canadian families are headed by a lone parent (Jensen ) and over 90% of poor lone parents are women (National Council of Welfare ). In Canada lone mother‐led families have been significantly impacted by two major and interrelated changes in Canada; welfare reforms that resulted in the elimination of a separate family benefit and includes the imposition of a.

The results showed that mothers employment and obesity were negatively associated. Therefore, it was a pointless research indeed. The article was written to create an association of child obesity with mother’s employment.

The article was retrieved from ‘UNC’ website and the keywords used were ‘Mother employment’ and ‘childcare’. Publ. aussi en anglais sous le titre: Why did employment and earnings rise among lone mothers during the s and s.

Description: 1 online resource (31 pages): illustrations. Contents: 1. Introduction; 2. Revue de la littérature; 3. Données et approche analytique; 4. Résultats descriptifs; Changements de composition;   Inmillion families included children under about two-fifths of all families.

Among married-couple families with children, percent had at least one employed parent, and percent had both parents employed. Married-couple families whose youngest child was 6 to 17 years old were more likely to have both parents employed ( percent) than families in which the. Beyoncé Giselle Knowles-Carter (/ b iː ˈ j ɒ n s eɪ / bee-YON-say; born September 4, ) is an American singer, actress and record producer.

Born and raised in Houston, Texas, Beyoncé performed in various singing and dancing competitions as a rose to fame in the late s as the lead singer of Destiny's Child, one of the best-selling girl groups of all time.

annual earnings were lower. A part, but only a part, of the dinerence $12 earnings between the sexes would disappear if employment lizdories were the aame. Moreover, the difference in benefits, although already substantial, does not yet fully reflect these differences in employment and earnings.

Disparities in hourly wages, annual earnings, and household income have all increased over the past generation in the United States.

A considerable amount of research has tried to determine why income inequality grew over this period. (See Morris and Western, for a review of much of this research.). In comparison, that share was 83% in 5 And while among men about 76% of first marriages that began in the late s were still intact 10 years later, fully 88% of marriages that began in the late s lasted as long, according to analyses of Census Bureau data.

6. The rise of single-parent families, and changes in two-parent families.Consider this: During the decade of the s, when research for The New Americans was in full gear, foreign workers accounted for 47 percent of an labor force growth.

This represented the largest influx of foreign workers everto enter the a given decade—substantially exceeding the number who came here during the Great Wave.

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